■■■■■† 화란한인교회에 오신 것을 환영합니다. 암스테르담, 암스텔담, 암스텔빈, 암스텔펜 한인교회 †■■■■■
English Sermon (`19.06.09) The Great and Glorious Day of the Lord
2019-06-12 22:33:33, view [
The Great and Glorious Day of the Lord (Acts 2:14-21)
9.6.2019 Advent Sunday of the Holy Spirit
14 Then Peter stood up with the Eleven, raised his voice and addressed the crowd: “Fellow Jews and all of you who live in Jerusalem, let me explain this to you; listen carefully to what I say. 15 These people are not drunk, as you suppose. It’s only nine in the morning! 16 No, this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel:
17 “‘In the last days, God says,
I will pour out my Spirit on all people.
Your sons and daughters will prophesy,
your young men will see visions,
your old men will dream dreams.
18 Even on my servants, both men and women,
I will pour out my Spirit in those days,
and they will prophesy.
19 I will show wonders in the heavens above
and signs on the earth below,
blood and fire and billows of smoke.
20 The sun will be turned to darkness
and the moon to blood
before the coming of the great and glorious day of the Lord.
21 And everyone who calls
on the name of the Lord will be saved.’ (NIV)
Israel was celebrating Pentecost. It was 50 days after the Passover, and people also called it the Feast of Weeks, or the Feast of Harvest. In terms of the New Testament, it is around 10 days after Jesus ascended. Also in Israel’s salvation history, it was the 50th day they came out of Egypt, and also the day they arrived at the mountain of God, Horeb.
On this Pentecost, an extraordinary event took place in Jerusalem. It is the advent of the Holy Spirit. The house was filled with the sound of the blowing of a violent wind, and what seemed to be separated tongues of fire and came to rest on each of the disciples’ head.
The reason this event drew attention of the devote Jews gathered from all over the world was because, most of all, they heard the language of the region they came from in Jerusalem. The disciples who lived in Jerusalem were speaking in ‘tongues’. On hearing the tongues some were amazed, “we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own tongues!” and others made fun of them saying, “They have had too much wine.”
But the people were not amazed by the sound of the wind, or something like the tongues of fire that came upon the disciples in the room where the disciples were gathered. Because this did not happen in public. Then were they amazed by the fact the disciples spoke in tongues? Probably not. Because to the Jews living in the Syrian region in the Roman Empire, ‘tongues’ were more like common knowledge, it was normal to speak two or three languages.
Then what was it that really amazed the people? What really amazed them was, ‘the mighty works of God’ they heard in the tongues of their birth places. Rather than the outward phenomena such as fire or the sound of tongues, what really surprised them was the fact they heard the mighty work of God clear and sharp in the language they immediately understood.
Peter speaks to the people that are stirred up by what has happened. “Fellow Jews and all of you who live in Jerusalem, let me explain this to you; listen carefully to what I say.(Acts 2:14)” Peter is going to explain to them what it is they see. Those do not understand were just saying the disciples had too much to drink. But Peter is prepared not to have it said that way.
Peter is trying to teach the people the true nature of the comping of the Holy Spirit on this Pentecost day. Therefore Peter’s sermon recorded in Acts 2:14-36 is his interpretation or definition of the extraordinary event that happened in Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost. This is the sermon Peter gives for the first time as an apostle and the model of the sermons we hear today.
First, Peter argues, “these people are not drunk, as you suppose, since it is only the third hour of the day.” Who would drink at this warm hour of the day? He says this first as a simple defence saying that people are not drunk but also to make a point that no one should speak out quick and careless words according to what things seem to them.
People wept and mourned in the house of Jairus, the synagogue leader, saying the little girl was dead, Jesus arrived later and diagnosed, “Why are you making a commotion and weeping? The child is not dead but sleeping. (Mark 5:39)” What we see with our eyes and the essence of what is happening can be different. It is so before God at least.
Then Peter goes on to explain the essence of the Pentecost Advent of the Holy Spirit . That these men are not drunk, but the words of prophecy written in the book of Joel in the old testament is being fulfilled exactly. “This is what was spoken by prophet Joel,” said Peter .
And Peter read out a part of the book of Joel. In our Bible it is in Joel 2:28-32, but in the actual Hebrew Bible, this part is put separately as Joel 3. The passage is distinguished from the others so that it can be noted by anyone and not be confused with the others.
The fact that Peter read the book of Joel referring to the advent of Holy Spirit means that the incident that happened before their eyes is not just an accident. It is not like unpredictable traffic accidents. This is an event in which the words of God written by the prophet Joel are being fulfilled. In other words, it is an ordained and prepared event .
In Joel 2: 31 you can see God prophesying through prophet Joel ‘the Lord’s great and fearful day’. Peter called that day ‘the Lord’s great and glorious day’. According to the Hebrew Masoretic text, which we refer to as the original text, it is ‘the great and fearful/dreadful day’, and according to the Septuagint translated in Greek, it is ‘the great and glorious day’.
Prophet Joel pointed out that on the ‘Lord’s great and fearful day’, God will ‘pour out His Spirit on all people’. In other words, when that day comes, ‘your children will prophesy, your young men will see visions, your old men will dream dreams,’ he declared. That the day would be the ordained Advent of the Holy Spirit.
When Peter and 120 disciples gathered in Mark’s upper room, a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house. Then what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. And each of them began to speak in different languages. Peter explained that this was exactly what the prophet Joel had prophesied. In other words, Peter declared, in effect, ‘Today is the great and dreadful day of the LORD, the advent of the Holy Spirit’!
The prophet Joel said that there were to be wonders in the heaven and signs on the earth prior to ‘the great and glorious day of the Lord’. In order any day to be Advent of the Holy Spirit, there should be signs in advance which can be recognized readily by all nations. After the wonders and signs, the day of the Lore comes.
Joel, firstly, explained about the signs to be in the heaven, ‘The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood prior to the great and glorious day of the Lord’. And, secondly, he said about the wonders on the earth, ‘blood and fire and billows of smoke’. Namely, he prophesied that the great and glorious day of the Lord will come after these wonders and sings come to pass.
On that day, in order to tell the people gathered in Jerusalem that what happened in the upper room was the advent of the Holy Spirit, Peter had to explain to them about the two wonders and signs prophet Joel told in advance. Namely, in order for Peter to say that today is ‘the great and glorious day of the Lord’, the wonders in the heaven and the signs on the earth that prepare the day should be precedent.
More precisely, as for the people who are amazed by speaking in different ‘tongues’, for that day of Pentecost to be the great and dreadful day of the Lord prophet Joel said to, they should know in advance about the wonders and signs. Because it was recorded that the day would come after those signs and wonders. For them to understand that that particular Pentecost day is the glorious day of the Lord, they should have an experience about the wonders and signs Prophet Joel said earlier.
The ‘blood, fire, smoke’ prophet Joel tells as the signs that will happen on the earth first refers to an offering of sacrifice. Often people think of great wars or natural disasters that will take place at the end days. But it is but the offering of sacrifice that is most intimate to the life of the Jews.
Let us think about it. In an offering of sacrifice, the blood must be shed, the meat has to put over the fire, and the rest should be burned to ashes. They have offered a sacrifice of ‘the blood, fire, and smoke’, as they celebrated the Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread 50 days ago.
What is the second of ‘the wonders in the heavens’ to be shown? It is said, ‘The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood’. Is this about the sun that stood still over the Valley of Aijalon during the battle of Gibeon? Or is this about the shadow going ten degrees backward in the sun dial in the days of king Hezekiah?
These two signs and wonders point to the what happened to Jesus in which He offered the once-for-all sacrifice, hung on the cross 50 days ago. They point to how the shy darkened and the earth burst opened when He died saying ‘Tetelestai! (it is finished)’. This is the signs and wonders in the heavens and on the earth. This was an event everyone that came up to Jerusalem saw that day.
Peter is telling the people that Jesus’ cross is the signs and wonders of the heavens and earth. And on the Pentecost day that came immediately after that event, the tongues of fire came down on each person and they began to speak in tongues – Peter explains that this is the great and dreadful day of the LORD, the great and glorious day of the LORD.
In Acts 2:33, Peter said, “Exalted to the right hand of God, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear.”
In John 16:7 Jesus also said, “But very truly I tell you, it is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Advocate will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you.”
People heard the disciples telling them the mighty works of God in the their own native tongues. What is it they heard? It must be about Jesus’ cross. That God took His own only Son as the sacrifice of the everlasting offering. That this is the signs and wonders prophet Joel has told them.
Then when is the great and dreadful day of the LORD Joel prophesies? When is the day that will come after the signs and wonders? The last days when the Spirit of God will be poured out onto male and female servants? The day they will prophesy, the young men see visions, the old men dream dreams? – It is the Pentecost Advent of the Holy Spirit.
Have you had that day? And therefore have the knowledge of knowing Jesus’ cross in you? Do you see visions about the eternal kingdom of heaven from that knowledge? Do you dream a dream of salvation that is to be accomplished through the cross.
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